Auglaize County, Ohio

History and Genealogy

History of Auglaize County

Military Record.

The soldiers of Auglaize County were largely embodied in the 37th, 45th, 99th, and 118th Regiments Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Let us merely glance at these regiments.

The 37th Regiment O. V. I. was the third German regiment organized in the State, and was mustered into service October 2, 1862. It participated in the campaigns of the Kanawha Valley, Arkansas, and the Yazoo River, and again in the investment of Vicksburg. Here the Lieut. Colonel was severely wounded, and the command during the next month devolved upon Major Hipp, now of St. Marys. After the fall of Vicksburg, the regiment participated in the capture of Jackson, and returned to Cherokee Station, via Memphis and Corinth. It next appeared at Chattanooga, operating in the Sugar Creek Valley, and in the march to Kingston, again in command of Major Hipp. It afterward engaged in the movements on the Chattahoochee River, but moved rapidly from here against Atlanta. Alter the fall of the city, forced marches were made across Georgia and Alahama in pursuit of Hood's cavalry. On Nov. 13, 1864, the regiment entered Atlanta to obtain outfits for the "grand march to the sea" under Sherman. The history of this march is known, and at its close we find the regiment in camp at Goldsboro', N. C, during the capitulations of Lee and Johnson. It then marched to Washington, was reviewed by the President and Cabinet, and then transferred to Little Rock, Arkansas, and lastly to Cleveland, Ohio, where the men were discharged, Aug. 12, 1865.

The 45th O. V. I. was mustered into service Aug. 19, 1862, and proceeded the same day to Kentucky. It operated about Danville, and with Woolford's and the Second Ohio Cavalry pursued the forces of John Morgan on his Ohio raid. Again it pursued the command of Col. Scott as far as Winchester, Ky. The regiment now operated in Kentucky and Tennessee until it took part in the battle of Resaca, after which it participated in the Atlanta campaign, including the engagements at New Hope Church, Lost Mountain, and Kenesaw Mountain. It then returned to Middle Tennessee and took part in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, which broke the strength of Gen. Hood. The regiment returned to Nashville, when it was mustered out of service, June 15, 1865.

The 99th O. V. I. was mustered into service Aug. 26, 1862, and included one company from Auglaize County. It left Camp Lima Aug. 31, under orders to report at Lexington, Ky. It participated against Bragg in the retreat to Wild Cat, then marched against John Morgan, who was pushed from his own ground, but without any significant result. Again it moved toward Nashville, took part in the Battle of Stone River, and advanced on Murfreesboro'. It next operated in the Tennessee and Sequatchie Valleys, but moved in time to engage in the battle of Chickamauga. It afterward entered Lookout Valley, engaged in the "battle above the clouds," and the following day swept over Mission Ridge. After these engagements it went into camp until it moved in the Atlanta campaign, when it participated in the battles of Kenesaw and Pine Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro', and Lovejoy. It then started in pursuit of Hood, via Resaca to Duck River, and after opening communications, was ordered to Franklin. From here it proceeded to Nashville, where it took a positioa in front of the city, and moved against Hood's entrenchments. The entrenchments were carried and the rebel guns turned upon the retreating army, which was pursued as far as Columbia. Here the 99th was consolidated witli the 50th Ohio, after which it moved to Wilmington, Kingston, Goldsboro', Raleigh, Greensboro', and was finally mustered out at Salisbury, N. C, June 26, 1865.

The 118th O. V. I. was mustered into service in Aug. 1862, and was ordered at once to Kentucky. It operated in Kentucky and Tennessee, without any particular engagement, until the campaign of 1864, when, on the 7th of May, it moved against Dalton, and again against Resaca. In this latter engagement the regiment, in a single charge, lasting about ten minutes, lost 116 of the 300 men engaged. A few days later it took part in the fierce encounters about Dallas and Pumpkinville Creek, in its irresistible advance. It was engaged at Kenesaw, Chattahoochee, Utoy Creek, and the closing movements at Atlanta. This city fell, and the regiment returned to Decatur and joined in the pursuit of Hood, who was driven to Franklin, where a stand was made only to be lost. From here the regiment pursued the retreating army as far as Columbia, and from there went to Clifton. It then proceeded into North Carolina, and embarked for Cincinnati, from which city it went by rail to Washington. From Washington it went to the mouth of the Cape Fear River, moved upon and captured Ft. Anderson, and was the first regiment to plant its colors on the fort. Its next engagement was at Town Creek, from which point it marched to Kingston, and advanced to Goldsboro', when it joined Sherman's army, and participated in the final movements against the forces of Johnson. The regiment was finally mustered out at Cleveland, Ohio, July 9, 1865.

We have thus cast only a glance at the war record, for space forbids that we enter into a history of the Soldiers of Auglaize County. For their record belongs to the Nation as distinctly as the principles for which they fought belong to man. Participating in all the suffering, defeats, and crowning triumphs of the National Army, their record is a record of the war. The results of their devotion are therefore, first, National, but ultimately, Universal, for they fought as men for man, the principles for which they contended being the foundation on which rests the welfare and happiness of the race. They depend not upon local annals for the abiding history of their achievements, but find it traced in living characters of gratitude upon the hearts of a liberty loving nation. In this national capacity they secure for themselves the grateful benedictions of that Posterity for which they preserved a Land of Liberty, Unity, and Peace. To-day, we stand before the dawn of an era of peace whose mild mission is destined to conquer, for the age of the pen guided by Reason is superseding the era of the sword.

ROLL OF HONOR—Commissioned Officers

NameRankCo.RegimentDate Enlistm'tDate of Death or Discharge
Andrews, Geo. W.Brev. Brig-Gen.   Resigned 1864.
Andrews, Geo. W.Colonel 15th & 71st O.V.I.April 27, '61.Promoted
Mott, Sam'l R., Sr.Colonel 118th O. V. I.Sept. '62Resigned Feb. 10, '64
Mott, Sam'l R., Jr.Colonel 57th O. V. I.Sept. '62Aug. 25, '65
Kenedy, Wm.Lieut. Col.&bnsp;118th O. V. I.Aug. '62Resigned Dec. 12, '64
Walkup, JohnLieut. Col. 118th O. V. I.Sept. 5, '62Resigned April 17, '63
Bennet, O.Major Gen. Hill's Staff  
Hipp, CharlesMajor 37th O. V. I.Aug. 20, '61Aug. 20 '65
Whiteman, A. L.Major 156th O. N. G.May 2, '64Sept. 2, '64
Hunter, Franklin C.Surgeon 24th Iowa V.  
Bradley, JacobAsst. Surgeon    
Barber, AbramCaptain 118th O. V. I.May 15, '63Wounded and Resigned Jan. '65
Baker, DavidCaptain 57th O. V. I.June 16, '62Aug. '65
Bitler, SamuelCaptainK99th O.V.I.Aug 10, '62July 19, '65
Bennet, O.Captain Dayton Z.  
Cutler, JohnCaptain 34th O. V. I.  
Craig, SamuelCaptainG157th O. N. G.May 2, '64Sept. '64
Heston, Joseph S.CaptainF4th N. J. V.Aug 17, '61 
January, Benj. F.CaptainK154th O. N. G.May 2, '64Sept. 2, '64
Kelley, Henry B.CaptainK99th O. V. I.Aug. 7, '62 
Kaga, AbrahamCaptainF15th O.V.I.April 16, '61Sept. 27, '61
Kaga, AbrahamCaptainEBenton CadetsSept 9, '61Jan. 9, '62
Kaga, AbrahamCaptainK20th O. V. I.Jan. 27, '62Jan. 6, '64
Layton, W.V.M.CaptainK15th O.V.I.April 20, '61July, '61
Little, John C.CaptainE187th O.V.I.March 2, '65Jan. 20, '66
Marshall, J.D.CaptainC57th O.V.I.April '61Aug. '65
McMurray, RobertCaptainE67th O.V.I.May 25, '64July 15, '65
Mott, S. R., Sr.CaptainE31st. O.V.I.Sept. '61Promoted to Col. 118
Niebert, Theo.CaptainC37th O.V.I.Aug. 30, '61Aug. 12, '65
Schmidt, HenryCaptainC37th O.V.I.Aug. 22, '61Aug. 7, '65
Silver, Wm.CaptainG52nd Pa.Sept. 
Scott, Albert S.Captain 31st. O.V.I.  
Stone, MichaelCaptainG118th O.V.I.Aug. 13, '62July 16, '64
Underwood, J. W.Captain 57th O.V.I.June 16, '63Aug. '65
Breese, John1st Lieut.G156th O.N.G.May 2, '64Sept. 2, '64
Dickman, Theo.1st Lieut.C58th O.V.I.Jan. 8, '62Resigned Dec. 8, '62
Finke, Henry1st Lieut.C37th O.V.I.Aug. 27, '61Aug. 20, '65
Harter, Newton J.1st Lieut. 71st O.V.I.Feb. 7, '62Aug. 29, '62
Herring, Wm.1st Lieut.C59th U.S. Inf.May 4, '64Jan. 31, '66
Jones, Thos. H.B.1st Lieut.B45th O.V.I. Killed at Jones' Hill, Tenn.
Kishler, Wm. S.1st Lieut.K99th O.V.I.Aug 23, '62Wd. at Stone River, and Died Jan. 23, '63
Nickell, Andrew H.1st Lieut.E82d O.V.I.Nov 11, '61Nov. 20, '62
Nickels, Amour1st Lieut. 71st O.V.I.Jan. 10, '62Resigned June 8, '63
Phelps, F. E.1st Lieut. 8th U.S. Cav.'70Still in service
Rogers, Geo. M.1st Lieut.B57th O.V.I.Sept. 26, '61Aug. 26, '64
Sawyer, Lewis Cass1st Lieut. 5th O. Ind. BatteryAug. 31, '61June 17, '62
Storok, Fritz1st Lieut.C37th O.v.I.  
Stevenson, T. W.1st Lieut. 99th O.V.I.July, '62Resigned Nov. 26, '62
Trimble, Henry M.1st Lieut.K99th O.V.I. Dec. 31, '64
Walkup, E. B.1st Lieut. 99th O.V.I.Dec. '62July 17, '65
Boesel, Charles2nd Lieut. 37th O.V.I.  
Burk, G. W.2nd Lieut.G156th O.N.G.May '64Sept. '64
Cordrey, Davis D.2nd Lieut.D18th U.S. Inf.July, '62Died Jan. 24, '63
Fike, Jacob2nd Lieut.D71st. O.V.I.Oct. 29, '65Nov. 30, '65
Kinsey, Jesse2nd Lieut.B45th O.V.I.July '62 
Kuhn, R.A.2d Lieut. Telegrapher U.S.A.  
Means, Lyman N.2d Lieut.B45th O.V.I.July 14, '62June 15, '65
Moody, J.W.2d Lieut. 15th O.V.I.May '61 
Smith, Jacob H.2d Lieut.K1st PaApril 18, '61July 25, '61
Schmidt, Casper2d Lieut. 37thSept. 7, '61March, '62

From "History of Auglaize County, Ohio, with the Indian History of Wapakoneta, and the First Settlement of the County", Robert Sutton, Publishers, Wapakoneta, 1880